Consumption and carbon emissions have an important impact, and contribute to the green and ecological harmony of the society. Under the guidance of the nineteen major spirit, we should study the impact of waste steel on the transformation and upgrading of the iron and steel industry at the height of the development strategy. " Yin Ruiyu, Vice Minister of the Chinese Academy of engineering and vice minister of metallurgy, held in November 23rd the six four annual enlargement conference of the 2017 scrap scrap iron and Steel Association of China and the scrap iron and Steel Association of China (hereinafter referred to as scrap iron and Steel Association).
At the meeting, the future development of the Ministry of energy department inspector Li Li, the national development and Reform Commission, central information secretary Yang Shangbao, director of the comprehensive utilization of iron and Steel Industry Association, vice president of China Qu Xiuli, expert committee director Wang Tianyi will learn Chinese metal scrap iron and steel industry put forward guidance.
New breakthroughs in the use of scrap iron and steel
According to statistics, in the ~9 month of January this year, the gross steel output of China was about 6.39 billion tons, up 34 million 950 thousand tons compared with the same period last year, the increase was 5.8%, and the total consumption of scrap steel was about 1.01 billion tons, up 36 million 530 thousand tons compared with the same period last year, the increase was 56.5%. Li Shubin, executive vice president and Secretary General of scrap iron and Steel Association, pointed out that China's iron and steel industry has exceeded 1 billion tons in 1996, and the total consumption of steel and iron scrap has exceeded 1 billion tons for the first time this year. It is expected that by the end of this year, the total consumption of steel and steel will reach 1.4 million tons. This indicates that the era of large-scale application of scrap iron and steel in China's iron and steel industry has come.
It is understood that in the first 9 months of this year, the unit consumption of steel and iron scrap in China is 158.5 kg / ton, an increase of 51.4 kg / ton compared with the previous year, and the scrap ratio is 15.85%, up 5.1 percentage points over the same period last year. Among them, the waste steel consumption of converter is 122 kg / T, 53.7 kg / t increase, 619.2 kg / T of waste steel in electric furnace, 18.4 kg / t increase over the same period. In addition, in the first 9 months of this year, the proportion of electric furnace steel was 7.23%, which increased by 0.3 percentage points over the same period.
In 2016, China Society of scrap iron and steel production was 1.6 tons of ~1.7 million tons of iron and steel enterprises, the mainstream of scrap iron and steel consumption is 90 million 100 thousand tons, the foundry waste iron and steel consumption is about 10000000 tons, the remaining 60 million tons of ~7000 million tons of scrap steel is land of steel enterprises fell.
Since the beginning of this year, the price of scrap iron and steel has been rising and falling, the fluctuation is great, but the overall trend is rising. The price of scrap iron and steel market began to rise from the fourth quarter of last year. The average price of different varieties of scrap steel in the first 9 months of this year increased by 400 yuan / ton ~500 yuan / ton compared with the same period in 2015, the highest price is more than twice the lowest price. Especially in the second half of 2016, due to coal prices rose doubled, due to the rising cost of iron in iron and steel enterprises, increasing use of scrap iron and steel, many steel enterprises in the severe panic buying scrap steel, scrap iron and steel used as "day by iron steel, energy saving and emission reduction of the effective measures.
Four factors support the stability of scrap steel prices
"The price of scrap steel is at last more expensive than Chinese cabbage!" at the meeting, a representative exclaimed.
From the "12th Five-Year" period, the market price of waste steel and steel fluctuate and continued to fluctuate. Especially in 2015, the price of scrap iron and steel market declined all the way. The best heavy duty iron and steel containing tax price per ton was less than 1000 yuan, and the price of light duty scrap steel contained less than 600 yuan per ton. Since 2016, the price of scrap steel has been rising all the way. The price of heavy scrap steel is currently stable at 1900 yuan / ton ~2100 yuan / ton, and the price of light material and scrap steel has also reached 1000 yuan / ton ~1200 yuan / ton.
At present, the price of scrap iron and steel can be maintained? Will there be large fluctuations? Li Shubin that is expected in the first half of next year, scrap steel prices will not be big fluctuations, but not as it did in 2015 appear cliff style decline, on the contrary, sometimes there will be some rise. The reasons can be summed up in the following 4 aspects -
One is that the current price of waste steel is 200 yuan / tonne lower than the cost of molten iron, and the enthusiasm of steel mills will not be weakened.
The two is in November 15, 2017 ~2018 March 15th, during the northern heating period, the executive meeting of the State Council has decided that the "2+26" urban steel industry will limit production by 50%, which is mainly limited to the production capacity of the blast furnace. Most iron and steel enterprises have taken waste steel as the main measure of "iron - saving", and increase the stock of waste steel to ensure winter production.
The three is that the apparent consumption of steel is still up. In January this year, ~9 month, steel exports reduced by 29.8%, the price of steel not only did not decline, but the rise of the road. This shows that the demand for the steel market is still large.
Four, after the nineteen largest party, there will be new changes in China's economic development. The rise of GDP and the global economic growth will all stimulate the development of the real economy.
Scrap iron and steel keep "more and less"
In the previous period, the problem of the export of scrap steel has been stir fry by many websites and media. However, the data obtained from the Customs show that the cumulative export volume of scrap steel in China was 1 million 387 thousand and 800 tons in January of this year in ~9 months.
Li Shubin reiterated 3 points for this -
First, the export of scrap steel is a small amount of temporary phenomenon in terms of the quantity.
Two, the tariff of 40% of the export of scrap steel in China has not changed. We do not agree with the practice of exporting scrap resources to other countries at the same time that a large number of imported iron ores are smelted.
The three is that China has been an importer of scrap steel. Since the import of the first ship scrap from the United States in 1985, China has been the main country for the import of scrap steel.
In 2009, China imported 13 million 690 thousand tons of scrap steel, reaching the highest level in history. In recent years, because of the high price of scrap steel in the international market, the demand for the import of waste steel in China has declined year by year. In 2016, China imported 2 million 160 thousand tons of scrap, 170 thousand tons less than in 2015. In the first 9 months of 2017, China imported 1 million 744 thousand tons of waste steel, still higher than the export volume, and kept the state of "more and less".
The prospect of the development of waste steel industry is good
Li Li pointed out that at present, the ratio of steel enterprise waste steel use is still low, and the future development space is huge. The quality of scrap iron and steel is the key to the survival and development of the industry. Enterprises must ensure the quality of waste steel, and adhere to the development of innovation and green. For the future work of the waste iron and steel industry, Li Li pointed out that, first of all, we need to further strengthen the management. At present, there are 5 batches of 180 enterprises in the scrap iron and steel access enterprises. The Ministry of industry and Commerce will further strengthen the supervision of the announced enterprises and promote the development of processing and distribution enterprises. Secondly, we should further promote and support the basic work of the industry, and accelerate the management of industrial information. Finally, we should actively create a good environment for the development of the industry and promote the standardized management of the waste iron and steel industry chain.
Yang Shangbao indicated that the iron and steel industry should develop in the direction of innovation and green, and the quality and efficiency are the key points. He also said that the comprehensive utilization of scrap steel must start from 4 aspects: enhancing environmental awareness, improving the ratio of scrap iron and steel, establishing scrap iron and steel production and application system, and promoting the utilization of scrap steel in terms of strategy, policy, technology, standardization and standardization.
In the face of the current industry situation, Qu Xiuli puts forward 4 suggestions on the development of the waste steel industry --
First, we should carry out the industry standards, grasp the quality of scrap iron and steel, meet the needs of steel enterprises better, and establish a win-win industrial chain relationship.
The two is the standard management, the management according to law, the promotion of the self-discipline level of the industry;
Three is to speed up the adjustment of the structure, improve the industrial concentration, and make the industry bigger and stronger;
The four is to strengthen the monitoring and analysis of the scrap iron and steel market, promote the balance of supply and demand, and stabilize the scrap iron and steel market.
Wang Tianyi pointed out that waste steel, as "urban mine", "regenerated resources", has a broad prospect. The waste iron and steel industry should take the road of green, brand, integration and intelligent development.
"At present, the amount of waste steel in the long process steelmaking enterprise has been greatly increased, and the scrap ratio of some enterprises has reached more than 20%." So, how long mills use scrap? Wang Tianyi believes that we should start the process optimization, measures can be taken: to raise the temperature of molten iron; iron ladle take stamped, reduce the temperature loss of new insulation materials built to use other means; cancel the mixer, reduce intermediate links, accelerate the iron turnover rate, increase of molten iron the temperature of converter; accelerate the rhythm, the reasonable control of the tapping temperature; optimization of converter continuous casting, cast steel, reduce the waiting time. He also reminded iron and steel enterprises that the amount of scrap added should be added scientifically according to their own conditions, and in particular the effect of the components of scrap steel on the quality of steel.
With the continuous deepening of the structural reform of the state supply side, the iron and steel enterprises, especially the waste iron and steel processing enterprises, have ushered in a good time for their own development. Scrap iron and Steel Association for "scrap iron and steel industry" 13th Five-Year "development plan" proposed that by 2020, China's scrap ratio than the "12th Five-Year" period doubling, which reached 20%. "As far as the current development trend is, this goal is expected to be achieved ahead of time." Li Shubin said. He also pointed out that the implementation of the new environmental law and the continuous increase of environmental supervision and the establishment of carbon trading system all over the country create conditions for the development of scrap iron and steel industry. The slow recovery of the global economy and the boost of domestic economic demand will also promote the rapid development of the waste steel industry. In addition, China's construction of scrap iron and steel processing and distribution system in recent years is an important measure for supply side structural reform, and it will also drive the scale development of China's scrap iron and steel industry.
Li Li pointed out that at present, there is still much room for improvement in the level of technological equipment and innovation of scrap iron and steel processing equipment manufacturers in China. Li Shubin also made some suggestions on the waste steel recycling and processing and distribution enterprises and the production and manufacture of waste steel equipment enterprises.
One is the scrap steel recycling enterprises should strive to eliminate cutting and drilling and blasting technology.
The two is to separate the garbage from the broken line, do well the sorting work, and reasonably cover the stacking and properly handle. If the environmental protection and dust removal of the scrap iron and steel production line is not up to standard, we can take two measures: the product can't be sold out, and the enterprise can't start the production.
The conference is sponsored by the scrap iron and Steel Association, the Shanghai Steel Union Electronic Commerce Limited by Share Ltd and the national waste steel industry alliance. Deputy Secretary General of scrap iron and Steel Association, Nipponkoa chaired the meeting. Wang Fangjie, Deputy Secretary General of the scrap iron and Steel Association, read the explanation of the change of the six Council's vice presidents and directors. The Deputy Secretary General of the scrap iron and Steel Association Feng Helin read the instructions of the association secretariat about the application of the 34 enterprises. More than 550 representatives from the relevant ministries and commissions, related associations, related enterprises, institutions and industry organizations attended the meeting.
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